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Present Perfect (I)

El presente perfecto se construye con Since y For de acuerdo a la expresión de tiempo que le acompaña.

I.E: I haven´t seen  Wesminister Abbey  since 1921 /Christmas. Un periodo de tiempo  determinado No te he visto desde  1921 /Navidad.

I haven´t seen Wesminister Abbey for 3 days. No te he visto durante 3 días.

 

Present Perfect Tense

I have been at the shopping center today

El presente perfecto expresa una acción terminada y se construye .

Subject+ present tense+ past particle verb ( 3 columna)

Example. I have seen him.

Have you seen him? Yes, I have. No I haven´t.

AT, IN, And ON

At se usa para indicar un lugar en un punto concreto. At school- En la escuela.

At se usa con un evento social. At London festival y con las direcciones. 

At Hollow street . En  la calle Hollow .

In indica un área o espacio. I am in my house. Estoy en mi casa.

In se usa con las palabras taxi,car,class,hospital,prison, court.

In se usa con filas de personas o cosas. I am in the queu. Estoy en la cola.

In + the world. Plants live in the world.

On se usa para hablar de contacto de objetos con superficies.

The ball is on the table. La pelota está encima de la mesa.

On with coast,road of, outskirts of , the edge of,border the way to/from.

On with left and right.

On with premises,farm ,floor, list and island .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making comparisons: adjectives and adverbs (II)

To say two things are the same use:

as + adjective/adverb + as

She finds doing zumba as tiring as playing team sports.

Sophie doesn’t speak Spanish so/as well as Gordon

FCE: Grammar 2018-19

Making comparisons: adjectives and adverbs (I)

Irregular forms

FCE: Grammar 2018-19

Making Compairsons.Adverbs(II)

Ways of expressing a large difference:

much/far/a lot/considerably +

[adjective/adverb + –er] or [more + adjective/adverb]

Playing team sports is much riskier than many people imagine.

not nearly as + adjective/adverb + as

Some apps are not nearly as fun to play as computer games.

Ways of expressing a small difference:

slightly/a bit/a little + [adjective/adverb + –er] or [more + adjective/adverb]

People drive slightly slower than they did in the past.

Not quite as + adjective/adverb + as.

I don’t find running quite as enjoyable as cycling.

FCE : GRAMMAR 2018/19

Making Comparisons. Adverbs(I)

FCE : GRAMMAR 2018-19

Making Comparisons.Adjetives(II)

To say that one thing is less than another use:


not so/as + adjective
as + adjective + as


Window shopping is not so/as enjoyable as watching films.


less/least + adjective


Playing chess is less healthy than playing team sports.
Watching TV is the least healthy activity you can do.

FCE: Grammar 2018-19

Comparative & Superlative

FCE.Grammar 2018-19

El SUPERLATIVO ES: The Biggest ,the best and the strongest.

Making Comparisons : Adjetives (I)

FCE Grammar: 2018-19